Thursday, December 5, 2019

Immune System and Vaccinations free essay sample

Vaccinations have been used since the late 1700s in the United States, and are required for children before they enter public schools today. So what is a vaccine? And why do we have to have them? Vaccinations are a marvel of modern medicine that have saved countless lives, hindered and even eradicated the spread of certain disease and sickness, and are adaptable enough to keep up with new forms and strains of current and well-known diseases. The literal definition of a vaccine is a â€Å"means of producing immunity against pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria, by the introduction of live, killed, or altered antigens that stimulate the body to produce antibodies against more dangerous forms† (â€Å"Vaccination†). Put into layman’s terms, this means that doctors take a part of the actual virus or sickness, such as chicken pox, and kill, weaken, or chemically alter it to make it easier for the body to become immune to. We will write a custom essay sample on Immune System and Vaccinations or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is injected into the body for our white blood cells to â€Å"practice† fight with. That way, if and when the actual sickness is encountered, the body knows how to react and fight it off without causing people to get severely ill. There are several types of vaccines that are routinely used in American practice today. Currently, there are seventeen vaccines that are recommended for all adults and children to have (â€Å"Vaccination†). Some of these include chicken pox, measles, tetanus, and the influenza vaccines. While some are mandatory for public schools, others are highly recommended but not enforced. These vaccines are so important because they prevent the spread of contagious diseases, and this in turn has led to higher rates of infants and children surviving to adulthood. Given to children early on, vaccinations for certain diseases like polio (in the US), measles, smallpox, and diphtheria have basically led to their being eradicated from the population (Hunt, Richard). Another advantage of vaccinations is the fact that when culturing bacteria for injection, scientists can project a path of new type of pathogen that may emerge as a result of coming into contact with the vaccine. This allows doctors to create more aggressive strains to combat them and prevent large-scale outbreaks (W. , Olszewska, Openshaw P. J. M.. , and Helson R. ). As wonderful as vaccinations are, there are still disadvantages to them. Firstly, many things cannot be prevented or treated with a vaccination. There are several types of people that are not very good candidates for effective vaccinations, namely older and very young people, who’s immune systems are not as strong as they should be (W., Olszewska, Openshaw P. J. M. , and Helson R. ). However, even for healthy candidates, vaccinations are not foolproof. Some can cause terrible side effects, or even the sickness itself can occur, the strain may be ineffectual, and not following a proper booster schedule can cause decreased immunity. While various downsides are possible in vaccinations, the good outweighs the bad. Science is always growing, adapting, learning, and changing to accommodate the needs of our generations. Vaccines have worked astronomically to help prevent, cure, fight, and sometimes completely eradicate deadly viruses and diseases. While there are current debates on whether or not young children should be given vaccine or should be exposed to a certain virus itself, such as chicken pox, the evidence and testimony from the majority of medical professionals and officials clearly advocates for vaccinations and boosters in all cases. The importance of this wonderful modern medicinal prevention and treatment cannot be overstated.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

The Jewish View of Death free essay sample

An examination of Jewish beliefs about death and the afterlife. This paper examines the Jewish view on death and the afterlife, beginning with a discussion of religion and theology as a whole. It then explores how the different sects of Judaism deal with the concept of death, and how it affects their behavior in life. What is it that Jews will face after death? How do Jewish ideas about the afterlife affect their attitudes toward death itself? This is a relatively more complicated question to answer than how the attitudes held by Christians about the afterlife affect their views toward death because in the case of Judaism there is no small amount of ambiguity. Jewish beliefs about death cannot be understood independent of Jewish theology as a whole, and so it may be helpful to begin here with a definition of what we mean by religion as a whole. Religion is both an intensely personal area of life as well as one that is practiced publicly. We will write a custom essay sample on The Jewish View of Death or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page

Monday, November 25, 2019

Irreparable vs. Unrepairable

Irreparable vs. Unrepairable Irreparable vs. Unrepairable Irreparable vs. Unrepairable By Maeve Maddox A reader asks, What are the differences between the use of unrepairable and irreparable? Pronunciation note: Unrepairable: un-ree-PAIR-uh-buhl Irreparable: i-REP-uh-ruh-buhl Both words are used to mean â€Å"incapable of being mended,† but unrepairable is nonstandard in American usage. Some online dictionaries include entries for unrepairable, but others do not. If you use any of the following free online dictionaries, you won’t find an entry for unrepairable in them: Longman Macmillan American Heritage The Free Dictionary Cambridge (no entry in either the US or UK section) If your free dictionary of choice is one of the following, you will find entries for unrepairable in them: Collins Oxford Dictionaries (including the section for US English) Dictionary.com (based on the American Random House dictionary) Of the resources I rely on, the American dictionary Merriam-Webster Unabridged lacks an entry for unrepairable, but The Oxford English Dictionary lists the word with nine citations dating from 1600 to 2006- without any suggestion that the word is nonstandard. Another of my stalwarts, The Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus, gives unrepairable without comment as a synonym for irreparable. Some commenters on language sites discern a difference of connotation, suggesting that unrepairable should be used to describe such things as damaged bicycles, toasters, and edifices, whereas irreparable should be reserved for reputations and things that are not man-made, like the environment. The following quotations illustrate the supposed distinction: Apples New Retina MacBook Pro is the Most  Unrepairable Laptop to Date.   The bike, a Ninja 300, was written off as unrepairable after the collision  . BUT, Attachment trauma, neglect and abuse cause irreparable damage in the developing neurons of the brain. An increase in cruise ships in the area threatens to cause irreparable damage to the continents pristine environment.   Such a distinction no doubt appeals to some people, but the futility of getting everyone to observe it is obvious to anyone who has ever tried to explain the difference between uninterested and disinterested. In practice, unrepairable and irreparable seem to be regarded as exact synonyms: Most automobile insurance policies cover the costs to repair a vehicle after a collision or some other insured cause, or if the damage is irreparable, the actual cash value of the vehicle. [The report] asserted that radiation exposure did unrepairable harm to genetic material and increased the probability of defects and mutations in future generations.   Incorrectly installed knives can cause  irreparable damage  to both the knives and the rotor, leading to serious destruction within the machine. Chlorine-free diapers are the same as regular disposables, and they wont expose your children to harsh chemicals or cause  unrepairable harm to the environment. I found this example of unrepairable in a legal context that definitely calls for irreparable: According to Stern, all three parties involved  Ã¢â‚¬Å"have made public remarks that are totally untrue, with evil malicious harmful intent to do the reputation and character of the plaintiff unrepairable harm.† The phrase â€Å"irreparable harm† is an established legal term. Its meaning is â€Å"harm that cannot be reversed or repaired.† The bottom line for American speakers is that unrepairable is nonstandard- for now. Note: Two other nonstandard forms sometimes seen are irrepairable and nonrepairable. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:How to Punctuate References to Dates and TimesBest Websites to Learn English20 Slang Terms for Law Enforcement Personnel

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Conflict and Stress in Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Conflict and Stress in Management - Essay Example Conflict and stress are two issues that can negatively affect the performance of an organization. Conflict occurs when two employees cannot agree on an issue (Collins & O'Rourke, 2009). This paper is a case study that involves two employees who cannot agree with each other on a production scheduling functions. Ralph is said to be proud since he has always handled the production scheduling in his head. However, the plant manager is looking to save on cost and increase the production efficiency. Kevin has a system that meets the manager’s needs. Ralph does not like the system since he wants to continue handling the scheduling as he has always done. He is at fault since he has refused to accept change in the organization. The issue, in this case, is that Ralph is not willing to accept change. He has been joined by other old workers who might feel that their positions are threatened by the changes being introduced. The best way to resolve this situation is to get Ralph to accept c hange. This can be achieved through effective communication. He should be sensitized about the need for such change. A compromising approach can be effective (Collins & O'Rourke, 2009). Ralph can be trained on how to use the computer systems. Both Kevin and Ralph can then be working together on the production schedule so that each one of them is partially satisfied. Conflict and stress cause poor performance in the organization. Therefore, managers should handle conflicts in the best way so as to avoid stress. In this case, the compromising approach can be effective.